宝庆路3号 上海｜No.3 Baoqing Road, Shanghai
Hidden in the city, a new chapter is played.
宝庆路 3 号花园住宅位于上海市徐汇区宝庆路 3 号，隶属于上海市衡山路-复兴路历史文化风貌区，有着上海市最大的私家花园——面积接近5000平方米，被誉为“上海第一私人花园”。
Baoqing Road No. 3 Garden Residence is located at No. 3 Baoqing Road, Xuhui District, Shanghai. It belongs to the historical and cultural area of Hengshan Road-Fuxing Road, Shanghai. It has the largest private garden in Shanghai — nearly 5,000 square meters in area, which called “Shanghai’s first private garden”.
| 历史回忆 · 见证风云变迁 |
Historical Memories · Witness the Changes of the Wind and Clouds
Behind every garden house, there is a legendary story on the sea, witnessing the changes of modern Shanghai. The architectural users were Zhou Zongliang, the “king of paint”, his son-in-law Mao Dun Literary Award Honorary Award winner, writer Xu Xingye, and grandson watercolor painter Xu Yuanzhang, they have achieved the historical charm of the architecture.
This garden house has witnessed the changes in history and lifestyle, represents the social status, economic capacity, and lifestyle of modern Chinese compradors and their classes reflects people’s memories of modern riches and comprador families. It has social and cultural values that reflect the changes of the times.
| 建筑概况 · 逐渐成为建筑群 |
Building Overview · Gradually Become A Building Complex
○ 2号楼主楼 No. 2 Main Building
○ 5号楼车库管家楼 No. 5 Garage Butler Building
这座1925年的建筑当时仅建有 2 号楼主楼和 5 号楼车库管家楼两栋建筑。
This 1925 building had only two buildings, the No. 2 main building and the No. 5 garage butler’s building.
○ 1 号客厅楼（后补建）No. 1 living room building (rebuilt afterward)
○ 3号子女楼（后补建） No. 3 Children’s Building (rebuilt later)
20 世纪30 年代周宗良从德商手中购得此宅后改建，并于 1936 年委托华盖建筑师事务所丁宝训建筑师新建了 1 号客厅楼和 3号“子女楼”，形成目前主要建筑群的形象。
In the 1930s, Zhou Zongliang purchased the house from a German businessman and then rebuilt it. In 1936, he commissioned Huagai Architects Ding Baoxun to build the No. 1 living room building and No. 3 “children building”, which formed the current main building complex.
| 更新修缮 · 重现历史风韵 |
Renewal and repair · Reappearing historical charm
In order to make this garden house with historical and cultural heritage alive, it was renovated in 2017. After the renovation of the project is completed, it will be used as the Shanghai Symphony Music Museum to show people the century-old history of Western symphony entering Shanghai.
Based on historical research and value evaluation, the designer repaired and strengthened the main structure of the building on the basis of restoring the historical style and decorative features of the building, adding necessary equipment and facilities, and improving the building’s fire-fighting performance and comfort performance. The courtyard greening and landscape environment have also been carefully rectified and sorted out, and the historical style of modern garden houses has been restored.
In the garden, a stone road full of old Shanghai style is connected to the group of houses, which leads people into the garden. There are dozens of large trees in the garden, many of which are century-old trees. The tall trees stand behind the garden and the front yard is surrounded by hedges and flower clusters. The landscape has a clear hierarchy.
Building No. 1 is neat in plan and simple in decoration. Its glazed brick exterior wall embodies the characteristics of modernism and is the place where the original homeowner used to receive guests.
The overall interior decoration style is classical, the colors are simple, and the original decorations such as skirting lines have been restored. The internal exhibits include China’s first Steinway piano for performance, the earliest existing symphony performance program in China, and vinyl records recorded by the band of the Ministry of Industry and Technology.
Building No. 2 (main building) is the first house built on the site, following the American style. Its stained glass windows, cobblestone exterior walls, corner buttresses and other practices are the popular garden houses forms at that time.
When standing on the large balcony on the second floor, a private garden half the size of a football field comes into view. A stone road formed by a series of large dots extends from Building No. 1 on the right, passing through the rose bushes in the garden out of the beautiful arc.
Inside the building, all the furniture is arranged in the style of the 1930s. Ceiling fans, three or five brand table clocks, and various familiar old objects restore the fashion and aesthetics of that era. The exquisite and gorgeous lead stained glass windows reflect the artistic aesthetics of different construction periods.
Building No. 3
3 号楼与 1 号楼同为1936 年设计，因其与 2 号楼相连通因而采用了与 2 号楼相同的建筑风格，但作为“子女楼”在装饰细部和材料应用上均有所简化，外墙也采用了拉毛粉刷而非卵石饰面。
Building No. 3 and Building No. 1 were both designed in 1936. Because it is connected to Building No. 2, it adopts the same architectural style as Building No. 2. But as a “child building”, the decoration details and material application are simplified. The exterior wall also uses brushed stucco instead of pebble finishes.
Many unique parquet floor tiles are used in the interior of the building complex, and these decorations are kept only to be cleaned, repaired or replaced to restore the original style.
Building No. 5
上海交响音乐博物馆入口位于 5 号楼，在 2 号楼与 5号楼间新建 1 栋钢结构连廊建筑将整个建筑群串联起来。
The entrance of the Shanghai Symphony Music Museum is located in Building 5, and a new steel structure corridor building is built between Building 2 and Building 5 to connect the entire building complex.
The roof of the corridor is covered with soil and planted with greenery. The glass as the wall body fully weakens the architectural image, highlights the original historical building, and forms the effect of contrast between virtual and real.