Under the high degree of combination of art, technology and nature,
A road to the future with ecological awareness.
2018 年，Archi-Tectonics NYC 和!Melk 被宣布为 2023 年杭州亚运会公园总体规划改造竞赛的获奖者。该项目占地 116 英亩，现已对公众开放，包括一座广阔的生态公园和七栋建筑。 尽管其最初的目的是作为2023年杭州亚运会的场馆，但团队的愿景远远超出了这一赛事，设计为城市的环境未来描绘了一条新的道路。
In 2018, Archi-Tectonics NYC and !Melk were announced as the winners of a competition to develop a masterplan transformation for the Hangzhou Asian Games Park 2023. Spanning 116 Acres, the now-opened project includes an expansive Eco Park and seven buildings. Although its initial purpose was to serve as a venue for the Hangzhou Asian Games 2023, the team extended its vision far beyond this event, charting a new path for the city’s environmental future.
Reshaping Hangzhou’s Urban Life and Ecological Future
While the project was originally designed for the 19th Asian Games Hangzhou, the design team’s vision went further, forging new paths into the future of the urban environment. The design aims to rethink Hangzhou’s ecological future. Following a “Sponge-City” landscape approach, the project established a hilly oasis intended for year-round recreational use. In fact, the oasis acts as a green lung, revitalizing the local ecosystem.
| 延续兵乓球竞技馆的灵动与多功能性 |
Continuing Flexibility And Multi-Functions Of The Hybrid Table Tennis Stadium
The core function of the complex is a 35,000-square-meter table tennis competition stadium that can accommodate 5,000 audience. The design concept of the venue is inspired by the “Cong”, an ancient jade product closely related to the Hangzhou area. Its appearance is square with a round hole inside. Taking the geometry of the ”Cong“ as a starting point, Archi-Tectonics began a parametric design to determine the optimal architectural form so that the stadium could be transformed into a performance venue more effectively.
The building’s facade is adorned with intersecting ovals, resulting in a textured exterior. On one side, it is covered with meticulously arranged brass tiles, while the other side boasts a steel diagrid framework holding flat glass panels. A network of small aluminum triangles connects the flat glass to the hyperboloid diagrid grid. The “eyelid”-like sections contribute to the facade’s shimmering, fish-scale appearance, instilling a sense of motion and texture. These glass sections artfully bend and pass through the brass tiles, forming transparent areas to usher in natural sunlight. Paired with the expansive suspended roof structure, this design creates a luminous, dynamic, and spacious environment, offering a captivating experience for visitors as they navigate the building. A transparent glass envelope encases a roomy lobby, complete with ramps and bridges encircling the bowl-shaped central area.
“This stadium is like an organism that can both sense the need for natural ventilation and allow for natural lighting,” said lead designer Winka Dubbeldam. The fusion of materials and design creates a harmonious, pleasant and futuristic space. The design cleverly integrates landscape and architecture, and blends three-dimensional terrain and artistic inspiration to inject new vitality and creativity into Hangzhou city.
In addition, ramps and stairs guide visitors to their seats, creating a layering of horizontal and vertical interconnections that transition from the bustling city to the calm and introverted sports field space. A ramp folds around the bowl-like space to reach the theater lounge, where an outdoor roof deck overlooks a revitalized wetland and ecological parkland landscape.
The building uses renewable or recycled materials, including recycled brass for the exterior facade or bamboo cladding for the stadium interior. All major public circulation areas, as well as the central stadium bowl area, are naturally lit and ventilated to the extent permitted by sports regulations. The building is located within an ecological park based on sponge city design principles, retaining, collecting and filtering rainwater throughout the building for reuse within the stadium.
This innovative hybrid design underwent numerous refinements in a series of iterations, culminating in the creation of a distinctive, asymmetrical shape. The interior features a double-curved bowl-shaped space entirely enveloped in bamboo, illuminated by recessed lighting and skylights overhead. This harmonious blend of technologically structure forms and locally sourced materials produces a cozy and welcoming atmosphere.
Archi-Tectonics 在竞赛阶段就主动邀请 Thornton Tomasetti 公司合作，提出最具创新性的结构解决方案。大跨度的悬吊圆顶型屋顶使大堂空间成为完全无柱的空间，从而增强了建筑的适应性和混合性质。屋顶位于里面的碗状空间上，悬臂伸出大厅上方以支撑外壳，也就是钢和玻璃斜肋构架组成的表皮。碗状空间里的座位融合了方形的运动场和圆形剧场的座位这两种方案。这让作为体育赛事首选的中央观看布局调整成为不对称的、以舞台为中心的表演配置。
Archi-Tectonics proactively invited Thornton Tomasetti to collaborate during the competition phase to propose the most innovative structural solution. The long-span suspended dome-shaped roof makes the lobby space completely column-free, thereby enhancing the adaptable and hybrid nature of the building. The roof rests on the bowl-shaped space within, cantilevering over the lobby to support the outer shell, a skin of steel and glass diagrids. The seating in the bowl-shaped space combines both square stadium and amphitheater seating options. This adapted the central viewing layout that was the preferred choice for sporting events into an asymmetrical, stage-centered performance configuration.
| 源于大地艺术的轻盈通透的曲棍球竞技馆 |
The Light and Transparent Field Hockey Stadium Inspired By Land Art
At the other end of the park is a 5,000-seat outdoor hockey arena with a translucent wing-like roof. Inspired by the structure and materials of traditional oil-paper umbrellas, the building’s winged roof shades the stands, playing fields and entrance plaza from the sun and introduces sculptural elements into the park. In plan, the roof and site appear as two intersecting ovals, resembling a seed of life, or a symbol of eternity, like the concentric ripples formed by pebbles in water, with the curved grandstands radiating outwards into the curved atrium and go beyond the square.
这座杭州亚运会曲棍球体育场在公园里下沉了5米，从绵延折叠的景观中脱颖而出，向周围环境开放。一个轻薄的 125 米大跨度翼形屋顶覆盖了大厅和看台，而比赛场地则设置在杭州运河亚运公园起伏景观中的下沉椭圆形草地里。除了曲棍球比赛外，体育场还将举办户外电影放映、音乐会和其他活动。
The Hangzhou Asian Games Hockey Stadium is sunk 5 meters into the park, standing out from the rolling folded landscape and opening up to its surroundings. A thin, 125-metre-span wing-shaped roof covers the concourse and stands, while the playing field is set in a sunken oval of grassland within the undulating landscape of the Hangzhou Canal Asian Games Park. In addition to hockey games, the stadium will also host outdoor movie screenings, concerts and other events.
The material and structure of the roof span the entire site in a single span, with a curved girder holding the roof together, keeping the grid in tension. The roof hangs about one meter above the building, creating natural airflow that brings cool air to the audience. The building was originally planned to become a non-permanent building in the park and be demolished after the Asian Games. While this may change, if the building is demolished, the area will still function as an integral landscape feature.
Inside the venue, a double-curved glass curtain wall surrounds the lobby and is supported by an engineered hardwood and steel structure, creating dramatic light and shadow effects. These high-tech forms are balanced with more traditional local finishes, such as interior walls clad in locally sourced bamboo, resulting in a sustainable architecture rooted in the region’s cultural heritage.
| 支持城市绿色增长的零土壤景观策略 |
Zero-Soil Landscape Strategy That Support Urban Green Growth
The design connects the two halves of the park together by excavating wetlands and valleys, allowing the originally flat site to be shaped into a rolling hilly landscape more than 20 meters above the ground without the need for additional soil. This is in line with the “zero soil” strategy, minimizing the environmental impact of soil removal.
Hybrid landscape design strategies form an oasis in the city, which cleverly demonstrates the harmonious integration of modern cities and nature. The building is even more gentle under the cherry blossoms in spring. Here, people can find a place to get in close contact with nature in the busy urban life, and experience the beauty of coexisting with nature.
此外，Archi-Tectonics 还设计了自然保护区、步道、水景、游乐场和各种地貌。 这些功能是利用可持续基础设施设计的，例如恢复湿地、安装多孔路面以及整合雨水管理技术。 总体规划的概念包括 64,000 平方米的绿色屋顶，旨在每年去除 114,846 公斤的二氧化碳。
In addition, Archi-Tectonics designed nature reserves, trails, water features, playgrounds and various landforms. These features are designed using sustainable infrastructure such as restoring wetlands, installing porous pavement, and integrating stormwater management technologies. The masterplan concept includes 64,000 square meters of green roofs and aims to remove 114,846 kilograms of carbon dioxide per year.
一些新山丘扮演着自然保护区的角色，促进生物多样性和生态保护。在景观下方，一个由 68,000 平方米停车位和通道组成的互连网络连接着所有建筑物和体育场馆。地下网络提供高效的后台服务、货物送货和通向公园各个区域的通道，并不会破坏上方的自然景观。它还设有电影院，创造了城市的另一个休闲目的地。
Some of the new hills act as nature reserves, promoting biodiversity and ecological conservation. Beneath the landscape, an interconnected network of 68,000 square meters of parking spaces and pathways connects all buildings and sports venues. The underground network provides efficient back-office services, goods delivery and access to various areas of the park without disrupting the natural landscape above. It also houses a cinema, creating another leisure destination in the city.
| 对城市肌理补充的山谷村商业街 |
Valley Village Mall That Complements The Urban Context
The park is divided by a road and a river, and to bridge the gap between these two segments, a concept known as ‘Valley Village’ was conceived. This idea is a vital link between the park’s two halves, creating a social access route. The Valley Village Mall is envisioned as a sunken green valley adorned with circular glass shopping pavilions. On either side of the shopping area, two parking garages are interconnected underground to facilitate delivery access.
Archi-Tectonics transformed the “Valley Village” Mall into a valley landscape with green pavilions, creating an open-air social space. A new approach to commercial area design makes people feel closely connected to the surrounding landscape and city, positioning this space as the social core of the ecological park.
山谷村商业街设有商店、餐馆、咖啡店、摊位和露天公共空间，使其成为公园充满活力的中心。 事实上，每个单独的商店展馆都配有绿色屋顶，提高了保水性，并扩大了整体绿色景观。 这些绿色屋顶还为游客提供了放松、野餐和沉浸在自然环境中的空间。
The Village Valley Mall features shops, eateries, coffee shops, stalls, and open-air communal spaces, establishing it as the vibrant heart of the park. In fact, each individual store pavilion is crowned with green roofs, improving water retention, and expanding the overall green landscape. These green roofs also provide spaces for visitors to unwind, picnic, and immerse themselves in the natural surroundings.
生态公园将从 2023 年的亚运会远远地延伸到杭州的未来。通过混合建筑和娱乐活动以及连接周围的街道，为该地区增添一个城市所需要的绿色心脏。这个基于可持续发展的设计加强整个环境的生态和多样化，并在杭州创建一个新的在亚运会结束后可以长期使用的公共生活中心。
The ecological park will extend far from the 2023 Asian Games into Hangzhou’s future. By mixing architecture and recreational activities and connecting surrounding streets, the area will be given the green heart the city needs. This sustainable development-based design enhances the ecology and diversity of the entire environment and creates a new public life center in Hangzhou that can be used long-term after the Asian Games.